What label best describes the relationship of the word ‘piston’ to the word ‘engine’

Question 1 (1 point)
What label best describes the relationship of the word ‘purple’ to the words ‘aubergine’, ‘violet’, and ‘lavender’ in diagram below?
Descriiption: hyponymy.jpg
Question 1 options:
hyponym
hypernym
antonym
meronym
Question 2 (1 point)
What label best describes the relationship of the word ‘piston’ to the word ‘engine’ in diagram below?
Question 2 options:
hyponym
hypernym
antonym
meronym
Question 3 (1 point)
Saved
The Present Day English word for ‘blue’ developed from which language?
Question 3 options:
Anglo-Norman
German
Greek
Dutch
Question 4 (1 point)
Agentive nouns are often derived from verbs, end in -er and -or, and carry the meaning “the entity who/which performs the action of the verb”. Some examples of this type are farmer from to farm, skier from to ski, and commentator from to comment. The relationship between the verb and the agentive noun in these examples is considered to be self-evident. However, the relationship of words like choker and blinker, which look like agentive nouns, to the verbs from which they have likely evolved, to choke and to blink, is no longer self-evident to speakers. While farmer means “one who farms”, choker does not mean “one who chokes”. The degree to which the meaning of a word is considered to be self-evident or not, as illustrated by the examples of farmer and choker, is best described as an issue of:
Question 4 options:
prototype derivation
semantic transparency
lexical ignorance
semantic typology
Question 5 (1 point)
Saved
What term is used by semanticists to indicate “the relationship by which language hooks onto the world”?
Question 5 options:
circularity
reference
sense
proposition
Question 6 (1 point)
Saved
A ‘mental lexicon’ is best described as:
Question 6 options:
a list of words in the memory
a dictionary
etymology and philology
the basis for semantics
Question 7 (1 point)
Saved
According to Anna Wierzbicka, what were the first colour macro-categories to develop in human language?
Question 7 options:
macro-brown and macro-yellow
macro-orange and macro-white
macro-grue and macro-brellow
macro-white and macro-black
Question 8 (1 point)
Saved
Indicate whether the bolded words in the sentence below are referring or non-referring:
While walking along the sidewalk, a truck splashed water all over them.
Question 8 options:
referring
non-referring
Question 9 (1 point)
Saved
Identify the best classification for the incompatible pairs given below:
doctor/patient, buyer/seller, producer/consumer
Question 9 options:
converses
gradable antonyms
reverses
complementary antonyms
taxonomic sisters
Question 10 (1 point)
Saved
Indicate whether the bolded words in the sentence below are referring or non-referring:
The director called the accountant to set up a remote meeting.
Question 10 options:
referring
non-referring
Question 11 (1 point)
Saved
Prototype theory was first created and developed by
Question 11 options:
Eleanor Rosch
Jean Piaget
Noam Chomsky
George Lakoff
Question 12 (1 point)
The Munsell Grid was used by Berlin and Kay (1969) to determine what among native speakers from a wide range of languages and cultures?
Question 12 options:
high-incidence phonemes
semantic relationships between lexemes
basic colour terms
image schemas
Question 13 (1 point)
Saved
‘Semantics’ is best described as the study of:
Question 13 options:
the meaning of words involving sense and reference
the meaning of sentences involving grammatical rules
the meaning of the information structure of propositions
the meaning conveyed through the context of utterances
all of the above
none of the above
Question 14 (1 point)
Saved
Recent research on colour perception suggests that:
Question 14 options:
a)
colour does not actually exist in the world
b)
linguistic knowledge can influence perception of colour
c)
both a) and b)
d)
none of the above
Question 15 (1 point)
Consider the following diagram. Which of the following descriiptions is a best fit for what it illustrates about the importance of semantics in linguistics?
Question 15 options:
“The linguistic sign unites, not a thing and a name, but a concept and a sound image.”
“A modular model of language results in specific effects registered in the signifier.”
“Literal language use makes the study of semantics in linguistics challenging.”
“Trees are essential prototypes in linguistic thinking about the world.”

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